This privilege guarantees that what you confide in your lawyer remains confidential between you and them. It’s all about keeping your conversations low. Yet, there are times when this protective shield can be voluntarily dropped. Knowing when and how to give up attorney-client privilege is crucial in Canada. It’s a big deal for anyone dealing with legal matters, as in many other places. It serves as a type of legal protection for clients and lawyers.

The idea behind attorney-client privilege is simple. When you talk to your lawyer, your words should stay secret. Imagine sharing your deepest legal concerns, knowing they won’t be spilled to others. Sometimes, you might decide it’s okay to share that information. 

Client Privilege

The Client’s Power

The client usually asks if a lawyer’s secrets can be spilled. Sometimes, the client has to give consent for any sensitive information. This step ensures the client knows what might happen when sharing private info. It’s like an extra promise that the client is okay with the decision. This is because this rule is all about protecting the client’s rights. So, it’s fair that the client gets to choose whether their lawyer can tell others things that are usually super private.

When someone hires a lawyer like the criminal defence attorney Milton, they become the client. This gives them the primary authority to decide whether or not to share private details with their lawyer. The client can choose when to have information released, or they can keep it secret and keep things confidential.

Subsequent Actions

Once the secrets are out, knowing they might not be secret anymore is essential. 

If you decide to give up the privilege, remember that the info might not be private anymore. You can’t later say it’s confidential if you’ve already shared it.

Legal Representatives

Imagine the client can’t decide for themselves, maybe because they’re not feeling well. In these cases, someone like a legal friend, a guardian, or someone with power of attorney might step in. They could be saying, “Okay, spill the secrets” on behalf of the client.

Court Orders and Legal Requirements

Then there are times when a big boss, the court, says, “You have to tell us!” This could be because of rules or orders from the court. In these situations, the rules about keeping secrets might be less critical. The unknown might have to be shared.


It’s up to the person working with a lawyer (the client) to decide whether to share their private talks. If they agree, the secrets might no longer stay secret. It’s crucial to be aware of potential consequences. If unsure, seeking advice from a legal expert is wise. Sometimes, a higher authority (like the court) might demand disclosure, and private information might have to be shared. Knowing these things helps people in Canada make intelligent choices about keeping their legal talks confidential. It enables them to know when to be private and let a bit of it become public. If someone feels unsure, having a legal guide can be helpful.